But thus divine Providence took care that, besides the ancient Greek Version prepared by the Jews, three others were additionally were supplied by Apostates or Infidels of the Church. But these four Greek Versions formerly made up the Tetrapla of ORIGEN, which in four columns was exhibiting the Version, 1. of Aquila, 2. of Symmachus, 3. of the Septuagint, 4. Of Theodotion. Unto which, in the Hexapla prepared by the same Church Father, were added in a first and second column the Hebrew Text written in the Hebrew box-script, and the same Text expressed in Greek characters. In addition, in the Octapla of the same Origen were exstant two ἀνώνυμοι/anonymous Greek Versions of uncertain authorship, on called Hierichuntine, because in the Third Century under Emperor Antonius Caracalla it was discovered at Jericho, stored in earthenware vessels, together with other Hebrew and Greek books. Whence Athanasius conjectures that it was composed by one that was without devotion to Jerusalem. The other is called Nicopolitan, which was similarly found in earthenware vessels on the Actian shore of Nicopolis not very long after the former, with Alexander Severus reigning. Now, which Version was first gathered in Origen’s Octapla, whether the Hierichuntine according to Epiphanius and others, as it is commonly thought; or whether the Nicopolitan is to be set before the Hierichuntine, which indeed CARPZOV concludes to be preferable, CARPZOV’S Critica Sacra Veteris Testamenti, part II, chapter III, page 572, out of Jerome; in this matter there is certainly too little evidence: since those quadru-, sextu-, octuple Codices have lamentably perished, except for some fragments of this work beyond the Septuagint Version remaining to the present day, published by MONTFAUCON in 2 folio tomes, Paris, 1713. But, the greater the labor ORIGEN had devoted to an accurate emendation of the Septuagint Version, the greater the loss the destruction of this work of Origen has brought upon the Church; since he, reviewing the text of the Septuagint, added, 1. Asterisks (*) to words that were wanting in the Greek, but supplied by himself out of the Hebrew: 2. Obelisks (ǂ or ҂) to words, added beyond the Hebrew text in the Greek Version, as if fixed with a nail: 3. Lemnisci (÷), where readings may vary, but the superior number of exemplars may prevail: 4. Hypolemnisci (˗), where there is at least a pair of exemplars agreeing, or, according to Epiphanius, one of the thirty-six pairs of Interpreters or Translators; the distinct exemplars, thirty-six in number, of all which, exhibiting various readings here and there, Epiphanius believes, foolishly enough, to have survived unto the time of Origen. But thus of the Lemnisci and the Hypolemnisci, as we have just now related, judge MASIUS, VALESIUS, HUETIUS, and SPANHEIM, in his Historia Ecclesiastica, Century III, chapter X, columns 774-776.
Indeed, we hardly doubt that today’s editions of the Septuagint Version also have much from the emendation of Origen: nevertheless, the value of the work would have been to distinguish for the eye his corrections, enclosed with the signs just now mentioned at the beginning and two points at the end.
Concerning the comparison and joint exhibition of the Greek Versions of the Old Testament and Origen’s work on the same, see the discussions of, among others, JOHANN ALBERT FABRICIUS, Bibliotheca Græca, book III, chapter XII, volume 2, pages 315-360; PRIDEAUX, An Historical Connection of the Old and New Testaments, part II, book I, columns 765-770; BUDDEUS, Isagoge ad Theologiam universam, book II, chapter VIII, § 5, tome 2, pages 1525-1528a, § 8, pages 1585-1587; JOHANN GOTTLOB CARPZOV, Critica Sacra Veteris Testamenti, part II, chapter III, pages 552-585, and the many more whom he commends. Concerning the exemplar of the Septuagint Version, of which Origen made use, and which he inserted in his Hexapla, see in addition CARPZOV’S Critica Sacra Veteris Testamenti, part III, chapter IX, § 3, pages 955, 970-972.
 That is, of Jericho.
 Caracalla reigned from 198 to 217.
 On the western coast of Greece.
 Alexander Severus reigned from 222 to 235.