From what has been said, as the Fallibility of the Church is evident in general, so certain Particulars are added against the Roman Church, which, α. with the others is without a promise of Infallibility, while Paul admonishes these very Romans, Romans 11:20-22, καλῶς· τῇ ἀπιστίᾳ ἐξεκλάσθησαν, etc., well; because of unbelief they were broken off, etc. β. And it has had many Bishops erring in faith; Liberius in the Fourth Century subscribing to an Arian formula at the behest of Constantius, when he was wearied with two years of exile: see SPANHEIM, Historia Ecclesiastica, Century IV, chapter XI, columns 911, 915, 916, opera, tome I; BUDDEUS, Isagoge ad Theologiam universam, book II, chapter II, § 5, tome 1, pages 458, 459a. Vigilius, who in the Sixth Century actually changed his opinion three times concerning the case of the Three Chapters and of the Fifth Ecumenical Council, and by the condemnation of the Three Chapters involved himself in the crime of heresy by the judgment of most of the Latins and Africans of that time: see SPANHEIM, Historia Ecclesiastica, Century VI, chapter X, § 4, column 1123, § 9, columns 1127, 1128. Honorius I, who asserted Monthelitism, and condemned those that opposed, in the Seventh Century; afterwards Pope Honorius himself was then also anathematized by the Sixth Ecumenical, or Third Constantinopolitan, Council: see SPANHEIM, Historia Ecclesiastica, Century VII, chapter VIII, § 3, columns 1220, 1221, § 6, column 1224, chapter IX, § 4, 5, columns 1227, 1228. John XXII, who in the Fourteenth Century denied that the Souls of the saints are received into heaven, and enjoy the vision of God before the day of the Resurrection; but he, when near to death, recanted: see SPANHEIM, Historia Ecclesiastica, Century XIV, chapter III, § 3, columns 1744, 1745, chapter V, § 11, column 1764. John XXIII, who in the Fifteenth Century at the Council of Constance was to be deprived of office, having been accused of denying the future Life and the Resurrection of the dead: see SPANHEIM, Historia Ecclesiastica, Century XV, chapter II, § 2, column 1819, and likewise in Xeniis Romano-catholicorum, Dilemma XIV, in Antidoro, § 2, columns 1143, 1144, opera, tome 3. And according to Canon Law, says our AUTHOR, it is possible to have Bishops deviating from the faith: so indeed in part I of the Decree of GRATIAN, Distinction XL, chapter VI, Si Papa, columns 211, 212, it is read that the Pope is to be judged by no one, unless he be found a deviant from the faith: in the place of which the Gloss on that place has, unless he be found a heretic: but, if this be impossible, for what reason is that restriction added?
 Liberius was Roman Bishop from 352 to 366.
 Vigilius was Roman Bishop from 537 to 555. The Three-Chapter Controversy was instigated by the Emperor Justinian. In order to reconcile Monophysite Christians to the Greater Church, which had embraced the Chalcedonian formula, he called for the condemnation of Theodore of Mopsuestia, certain writings of Theodoret, and a letter of Ibas of Edessa, since these “Three Chapters” were particularly offensive to the Monophysites. He called for the subscription of the Bishops of the Church, which occasioned the controversy. The Fifth Ecumenical Council condemned the Three Chapters.
 Honorius I was Roman Bishop from 625 to 638. In 680, he was anathematized by the Third Council of Carthage as a Monothelite, asserting that Christ had but one energy and will, rather than two energies and will.
 John XXII was the Roman Pope from 1316 to 1334.