Whence the Words of Ephesians 5:14? Part 10

c.  Finally, with respect to the promise occurring in Isaiah 59:20, וּבָ֤א לְצִיּוֹן֙ גּוֹאֵ֔ל וּלְשָׁבֵ֥י פֶ֖שַׁע בְּיַֽעֲקֹ֑ב נְאֻ֖ם יְהוָֽה׃, and the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith Jehovah, to which the Apostle appeals in Romans 11:26, καὶ οὕτω πᾶς Ἰσραὴλ σωθήσεται, καθὼς γέγραπται· Ἥξει ἐκ Σιὼν ὁ ῥυόμενος, καὶ ἀποστρέψει ἀσεβείας ἀπὸ Ἰακώβ, and so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob; not even does this evince that the argument of the following chapter, Isaiah 60, is to be referred only to the last times of the New Testament. Indeed, by some a two-part prophecy is not unskillfully observed here; the former concerning the Advent of the Goel to Zion, for Zion’s sake, for the good of Zion, which the expound of the Advent of Messiah in the flesh to procure Redemption: the other, subjoined to the former by the connective and progressive ו/and, concerning the bodily Advent of Messiah to apply the procured Redemption especially to those to be converted by His grace among the posterity of Jacob at the end of days:  to which latter promise of these words the citation made by Paul is especially to be referred; whence perhaps in the place of לְצִיּוֹן, to Zion, which the Septuagint rendered ἕνεκεν Σιὼν, for Zion’s sake, in the Apostle it is ἐκ Σιὼν, from Zion, upon which see FRANCIS JUNIUS’ Parallela:  unless this come to be attributed to a joining together of more than one prophetic oracle in the Pauline text, as the Most Illustrious VITRINGA supposes in his Commentario on this passage.  But it is also rightly said concerning the sense of this passage, just as we also advised concerning the argument of chapter 60 in § 14, that the promise occurs here in the greatest fullness, which sends forth a most abundant sense, and which began to be fulfilled in the Advent of the Messiah to the Church through the Incarnation, the purchase of Redemption, and the beginning of the erection of the kingdom promised to the Θεανθρώπῳ/God-man, through which He lured to His saving communion from Israel λεῖμμα κατ᾽ ἐκλογὴν χάριτος, a remnant according to the election of grace, which, says the Apostle, γέγονε καὶ ἐν τῷ νῦν καιρῷ, is also at this present time, Romans 11:5, and which will be able to reckoned finally complete ἐν τελειώσει, in fulfillment, and perfectly, when at the end of days πᾶς Ἰσραὴλ σωθήσεται, all Israel shall be saved, which Paul by his divine wisdom taught us to expect from this prophecy taken in the full extent of its sense.  This exegesis is confirmed from a comparison of the verse immediately following in Paul, Romans 11:27, καὶ αὕτη αὐτοῖς ἡ παρ᾽ ἐμοῦ διαθήκη, ὅταν ἀφέλωμαι τὰς ἁμαρτίας αὐτῶν, for this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins, in which perhaps the Apostle has regard to several other pericopes of the prophetic Word, but most probably also to Jeremiah 31:33, 34, which promise the Apostle in Hebrews 8:6-13 referred to the renovation of the economy of the Covenant of Grace with the first, personal Advent of Messiah:  but he will indicate a further fulfillment of the same at a later time in the yet expected conversion of the Jews, Romans 11:27.  Thus WITSIUS, in Meletematis Leudensiis, Dissertation IX, § 8, “One and the same prophecy finds its fulfillment in a remarkable variety of times.  Thus, what was predicted in Isaiah 59:20, The Redeemer shall come to Zion and to those converted from defection in Jacob, began to be fulfilled when Christ, coming in the flesh, brought everlasting righteousness;[1] but it will also be fulfilled in the future, universal conversion of the Jews to Christ, Romans 11:26.  So also in Isaiah 65:17, Behold, I am going to create new heavens and a new earth, was fulfilled in the renovation of the Church through the preaching of the Gospel and the effusion of the Holy Spirit; but it is also going to be fulfilled on the last day, 2 Peter 3:12, 13.  And in Jeremiah 31:31, Behold, the days are going to come, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah, began to be fulfilled when with the Old Testament abrogated the New Testament was substituted, Hebrews 8:13; but it shall fulfilled at a distance, when the house of Israel and the house of Judah conjointly will possess the goods of that covenant, never again to be defrauded of them.  And the parable of the gathering of the dispersed bones, and vivification of the dry bones, Ezekiel 37, began to be fulfilled through the leading of the people out of Babylonian captivity; but the consummation of the fulfillment in both advents of Christ:”  compare FRANCIS JUNIUS’ Parallela; SCHMIDT on Isaiah; CALOVIUS’ Biblia illustrate on Romans 11:26, 27; RIDDER’S Schriftuurlyk Licht; HELLENBROEK on Jesaiam, part IV, pages 941-944, 963; DAVID MARTIN on Romans 11:26, 27; DINANT on Ephesians 5:14, page m. 146, 147.  It is not agreeable to add more things in response to the Question, Whence the words that occur in Ephesians 5:14 might be borrowed.

[1] See Daniel 9:24.

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